Forsvar af ph.d.-afhandling om boligkarrierer for somalier og tyrkere
Rikke Skovgaard Nielsen forsvarer sin afhandling:
"A change for the better?
A life course analysis of the housing careers of Somalis and Turks in the Danish housing market"
Forsvaret finder sted 27. august kl. 13.00 på Aalborg Universitet København, Frederikskaj 12, 2450 København SV, lokale FKJ 12.0.06 (adgang er muligt via hovedindgangen A.C. Meyers Vænge 15)
Efter forsvaret er der reception i Rotunden på 4. sal på A.C. Meyers Vænge 15.
The aim of the thesis is to explore the preconditions of change and the possibilities for change in the housing careers of Somalis and Turks through an application of life course analysis. The concept of the housing career offers a dynamic perception of housing. A housing career is made up of changes between housing situations and is influenced greatly by changes in other spheres of life. Change is thus inherent in the concept of the housing career. Focusing specifically on the ethnic differences in the preconditions of change and possibilities for change can lead us further in understanding the ethnic differences in housing careers. Life course analysis guides the analyses through specific principles on the links between structure and agency over time. By directing inquiry to the process by which lives are lived and highlighting the importance of both structure and agency, life course analysis offers a rewarding framework for an analysis of housing careers and of how change in the housing career is shaped by societal structures as well as by individuals’ own actions and preferences.
The aim of the thesis is pursued through two different strands. The first focus on one specific transition in the housing career, leaving home, and is based on analyses of register data. The second focus on change more generally in the housing careers of Somalis and Turks through analyses of in-depth interviews. These two empirical strands are explored in four independent papers. Paper I analyses the general home-leaving patterns of Somali immigrants, Turkish immigrants, Turkish descendants and Danes. Paper II analyses the spatial segregation patterns of home-leaving Somali immigrants, Turkish immigrants, Turkish descendants and Danes. Paper III analyses the driving forces for change in the housing careers of Somalis and Turks. Paper IV analyses Somalis’ own perceptions of their possibilities for change in the housing market across the four Nordic capitals of Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo and Stockholm.
Combining the papers, four key outcomes emerge. First, while the process is not completed over one generation, assimilation is taking place. Over timer, home-leaving patterns of Somalis and Turks can be expected to become increasingly similar to those of Danes. Second, preferences are shaped by resources, possibilities and restraints, and change comes about in the intersection between the four. While constraints can be substantial, room for choice does exist. Third, while there are differences in the possibilities for realising preferences between ethnic minority groups and natives, differences in preferences is a key cause of ethnic differences in the housing market as well. Fourth, change is linked to both choices and constraints and take place in an intersection between preferences, resources, possibilities and restraints. To understand ethnic minority housing careers it is imperative to consider preferences, resources, possibilities and restraints together.
Associate Professor Anja Jørgensen, Aalborg University (chairman)
University lecturer Marianne Abramsson, Linköping University
Professor Ronald van Kempen, Utrecht University
Adjunct Professor Hans Skifter Andersen, Aalborg University
Assistant PhD supervisor: Professor mso Ruth Emerek, Aalborg University
Research director Hans Thor Andersen, Aalborg University